Friends of the

Metropolitan Police History

Time Zone: 1773 - 1798


1773

Committee on Nightly Watch in the Metropolis.

Grants for Thief-Takers and Horse Patrol amalgamated.

"The Weekly Pursuit" published.


1774

Act for better regulation of Nightly Watch.


1780

Gordon Riots. Bow Street, Newgate prison and many other premises, particularly homes of Catholics, badly damaged.

Sir John FIELDING died.


1782

Sir Sampson WRIGHT appointed magistrate at Bow Street, and organises patrols.


1783

Processions to Tyburn discontinued. Use of a drop introduced to improve hanging method.


1784

Litchfield Street Police Office closed on death of Saunders WELCH.


1785

London and Westminster Police Bill. Three Commissioners and 225 paid men (9 Superintendents).


1786

'Public Hue and Cry' (later 'Police Gazette') started by Sampson WRIGHT. (Replaced "The Weekly Pursuit")

Police established in Dublin.


1787

Botany Bay made a convict settlement.


1788

Sir Robert PEEL born.


1792

Middlesex and Surrey Justices Act established 7 London Police Courts, each with 3 magistrates and 6 constables (at 12 shillings per week). Offices set up at Hatton Garden, Worship Street, Whitechapel, Shadwell, Southwark, Queen Street and Great Marlborough Street.

Stipendiary Magistrates created.


1793

Committee on Nightly Watch in the Metropolis.


1794

John Toms is convicted on evidence of wadding from a flintlock pistol matching a torn ballad sheet in his possession.


1796

Dr Patrick COLQUHOUN's 'Treatise on Police of the Metropolis'


1798

Establishment of Marine Police for Thames by Dr Patrick COLQUHOUN.


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