Time Zone: 1800 - 1821
Robert PEEL knighted.
It is believed that in this year there were 2,044 parish constables in the Metropolis, including the City of London, divided into six classes:
i) Unpaid parish constable elected annually in accordance with ancient custom
ii) Substitute constables (stipendiary ex-army officers) appointed by the justices.
iii) Special Constables appointed for specific duty
iv) Salaried constables of the nine magisterial offices of the Metropolis
v) Thames Police surveyor and subordinate constables
vi) Bow Street Constables and Patrols.
1805 - 6
Horse Patrol re-established and extended to patrol main roads by Sir Richard Ford (died 1906) .
New Covent Garden Theatre Opened. Rioting over price increases.
Ratcliffe Highway murders. (Stepney)
Capital Punishment abolished for soldiers begging without permission of Commanding Officer or Magistrate.
Select Committee on Police.
Robert Peel becomes Chief Secretary for Ireland until 1818
1812 - May 11
Prime Minister, Mr PERCIVAL, murdered by John BELLINGHAM.
REED resigned from Bow Street. Succeeded by Sir Nathaniel CONANT.
Peace Preservation Act (Irish Police).
Boy of 10 hanged for stealing handkerchief.
Parliamentary Committee on Police.
Pillory abolished for all offences except perjury.
George VAUGHAN, thief-taker, executed.
VIDOCQ formed Brigade de Surete in Paris.
Last person hanged, drawn and quartered (Jeremiah BRANDRETH). (Derby)
Flogging in public abolished.
Trial by Battle claimed by Abraham THORNTON.
Sir Nathaniel CONANT (Chief Magistrate) retired. Succeeded by Sir Robert BAKER.
Cato Street Conspiracy.
Disturbances after return of Queen Caroline to country.
Patrols re-organised by Lord SIDMOUTH. Foot Patrols in Central London; dismounted foot patrols in outer area.
Riots in passing of Queen Caroline’s funeral procession through City. Disorder, in which two men apparently shot by Life Guards, leads to an identification parade of soldiers in their uniforms.
Sir Richard BIRNIE appointed Chief Magistrate.