Friends of the

Metropolitan Police History

Time Zone: 1800 - 1821


1800

Robert PEEL knighted.


1804

It is believed that in this year there were 2,044 parish constables in the Metropolis, including the City of London, divided into six classes:

i) Unpaid parish constable elected annually in accordance with ancient custom

ii) Substitute constables (stipendiary ex-army officers) appointed by the justices.

iii) Special Constables appointed for specific duty

iv) Salaried constables of the nine magisterial offices of the Metropolis

v) Thames Police surveyor and subordinate constables

vi) Bow Street Constables and Patrols.


1805 - 6

Horse Patrol re-established and extended to patrol main roads by Sir Richard Ford (died 1906) .


1809

New Covent Garden Theatre Opened. Rioting over price increases.


1811

Ratcliffe Highway murders. (Stepney)


1812

Capital Punishment abolished for soldiers begging without permission of Commanding Officer or Magistrate.

Select Committee on Police.

Robert Peel becomes Chief Secretary for Ireland until 1818


1812 - May 11

Prime Minister, Mr PERCIVAL, murdered by John BELLINGHAM.


1813

REED resigned from Bow Street. Succeeded by Sir Nathaniel CONANT.


1814

Peace Preservation Act (Irish Police).


1815

Boy of 10 hanged for stealing handkerchief.


1816

Parliamentary Committee on Police.

Pillory abolished for all offences except perjury.

George VAUGHAN, thief-taker, executed.


1817

VIDOCQ formed Brigade de Surete in Paris.

Last person hanged, drawn and quartered (Jeremiah BRANDRETH). (Derby)

Flogging in public abolished.


1818

Trial by Battle claimed by Abraham THORNTON.


1820

Sir Nathaniel CONANT (Chief Magistrate) retired. Succeeded by Sir Robert BAKER.

Cato Street Conspiracy.

Disturbances after return of Queen Caroline to country.


1821

Patrols re-organised by Lord SIDMOUTH. Foot Patrols in Central London; dismounted foot patrols in outer area.

Riots in passing of Queen Caroline’s funeral procession through City. Disorder, in which two men apparently shot by Life Guards, leads to an identification parade of soldiers in their uniforms.

Sir Richard BIRNIE appointed Chief Magistrate.


Address

Friends of the Metropolitan Police Historical Collection

38 Wincanton Road

Noak Hill

Romford,

RM3 9DH

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